rachelmanija: (Books: old)
( Oct. 27th, 2016 01:15 pm)
Mary Roach’s schtick is breezy, quirky science/history of science nonfiction on odd, often gross subjects (corpses (Stiff), life after death (Spook), digestion (Gulp), in which her investigation is part of the story. Also one-word titles. Her best book, on space exploration (Packing for Mars) is the only one without a one-word title; it’s her funniest, especially the memorably gross chapters on bathing or rather not bathing (NASA’s experiment on exactly how long it takes for your underwear to rot off feels more sadistic than their chimp experiments), going to the bathroom (EWWW), and food (at one point, created by veterinarians until the astronauts rebelled at eating kibble.)

In general, her books are fun but suffer from a lack of depth; she frequently raises interesting questions and then either fails to explore or fails to write about the answers. This is most noticeable when you happen to know something about the subject, which is why Bonk, on the history of sex research, was particularly unmemorable to me.

Grunt is a mid-level Mary Roach book. I know something but not tons about the subject (the science of less-written aspects of war, such as uniforms, stink bombs, shark repellant and vehicular safety), so it was reasonably informative and generally engrossing. In contrast to NASA, which was hilariously uptight about its image and in a perpetual state of horror at Roach’s questions about zero-gravity sex and astronaut toilets, the US military was surprisingly enthusiastic about letting her write about the gross stuff. As a result, she got access to submarines, labs, hospitals, and all sorts of trainings. This part was much more interesting to me than the military history parts, which I generally already knew about.

But the issue of “go deeper” and “and then what?” remained. For example, she mentions that uniforms need to look cool because soldiers won’t wear critical items if they make them look like dweebs. She reports one unintended result of this, which is that the Navy got blue camouflage; when she finally found a Navy commander willing to comment on the purpose of this, he dryly remarked, “It’s so if anyone falls overboard we won’t be able to find them.” And that is the sum total of her reporting on that issue.

To me, this is a fascinating topic that could have been a chapter all by itself. Something she doesn’t mention but which I’ve read about elsewhere is that in a recent war US soldiers were getting a lot of eye injuries due to failure to wear eye protection. When asked, they said it made them look stupid. The Army called in Rayban to consult in designing cooler eyewear, and eye injuries went down.

How did Rayban define cool when designing military hardware? Is it even true that cool value is a significant factor in gear-wearing compliance? Did the dorky eyewear also have some more significant drawback, such as limiting vision? What would soldiers say if you got them in a real conversation over exactly what they’re thinking when they set aside their protective gear, the meaning and importance of coolness, the value of safety, and whether any of this relates to why they’re in the military at all?

The book doesn’t get into any of these questions, instead focusing, in the clothing chapter, on whether bomb-proof underwear exists (not really, but you can design undies to reduce infection in case of below-undie blast injuries) and how uniforms are safety-tested. Interesting stuff, but I’d have preferred more depth and detail. And that was my feeling about the entire book.

A book on war and specifically on the US military in a time of war has some implicit questions, namely “Is it all worth it?” and “What exactly is the point of all this?” Roach doesn’t address these questions explicitly, though the content of some chapters brings them to the reader’s mind, until the very last paragraph, where she does so with pointedness and grace. But it’s literally one paragraph. In Packing on Mars, those questions were central to the book and she asked them of a number of people she spoke to. They’re what gave that book the depth that’s missing from her others. Those are touchy issues in a military context, but they’re touchy at NASA too given that astronauts do die and the space program is constantly at risk of cancellation.

I doubt very much that Roach was banned from asking those questions while she researched this book. Maybe she thought they were too sensitive or people would shut down if she asked or she did ask but ended up deciding the answers would make her book too political for a science book. Who knows. But I wish the larger questions were more present. It might have taken the book from “worthwhile if the subject interests you” to “excellent nonfiction of general interest to anyone who can take the content.”

Grunt: The Curious Science of Humans at War
Pop science about the history and current state of the space program, focusing on the effect of space travel on the human mind and body. Funnier, better-researched, and more informative and coherent than Spook and Bonk, and marginally less gross than Stiff, this is exactly what I want out of light pop nonfiction: an entertaining read that tells me stuff I didn’t already know.

This is a very, very funny book, crammed with hilarious asides and footnotes and “you can’t make that stuff up” trivia. Roach’s comedy sometimes feels forced in her other books, but here it flows naturally from the subjects she’s investigating. Her twelve-year-old sense of humor is a perfect match for her earnest investigation of space toilets, experiments to find out what happens when you make someone sit on a couch and not bathe for three weeks, the possibility of improving bone density in old women by whacking them across the hips, and rumors about masturbating space monkeys.

I can’t decide if the funniest chapter was the hilariously disgusting one about not bathing, the even more hilariously disgusting one about space cuisine (at one point, designed by Army veterinarians), or the one in which she doggedly pursues rumors of zero-gravity sex through a morass of hoaxes, porn flicks, and websites for dolphin-fanciers. (My favorite moment in the latter was either the footnote about prehensile dolphin penises, or the conversation about Ingmar Bergman she has with the porn producer.) I even enjoyed the chapter on vomiting, though I probably shouldn’t have read it while eating lunch.

Packing for Mars: The Curious Science of Life in the Void
Spook: Science Investigates the Afterlife, by Mary Roach.

The delightfully-named Roach also wrote a book called Stiff, about cadavers, which became a surprise success because she's so damn funny. The subtitle of Spook is misleading, as it's not a general overview or history of scientific attempts to prove, disprove, or quantify the afterlife, but Roach's unstructured exploration of a selection of such attempts, the ones that happen to strike her fancy. If you already know a lot about spiritualism and research into psychic phenomena, there's little new material here. What there is, however, is a most charming tour guide. Roach goes to India to tag along with a reincarnation researcher, and a live rat falls off a balcony and lands on her shoes; she reads up on Victorian seances, then heads to a library to examine a preserved specimen of ectoplasm and read about a woman whose ectoplasm turned out to be sheep lungs; having finished that task, Roach goes to a Pakistani restaurant and orders lamb. Spook is rambling and not terribly deep, and it could have benefited from illustrations, but it's a quick, very funny, and periodically illuminating read.

The Killing Season: a Summer Inside an LAPD Homicide Division and Homicide Special, by Miles Corwin.

Corwin is a journalist who tagged along with two detectives working homicide in South Central for a summer. This was written in 1997, and nothing much has changed: the police don't have enough money, resources, or manpower to handle their caseload, and nobody seems to care much about black-on-black crime in the ghetto except the people who live there. The detectives are a mismatched pair: a driven black woman who grew up in South Central, and a wisecracking white man who's struggling to hang on to his job when everyone thinks he's too old and should retire. Their interactions are vivid, and the dialogue is snappy and believable. Corwin's explanations of the background and history of Los Angeles and its social structure and problems are pithy, clear, and insightful.

I picked this up because I had enjoyed Corwin's Homicide Special, a sort of sequel in which he tags along for a year with a different LAPD division, one investigating high-profile and unusually complex homicides involving international gangs, celebrity suspects or victims, cold cases, and so forth. I regret to say that I found that book much more interesting, because the crimes were more interesting as crimes. Reading purely as a reader looking for entertainment, the special cases and their investigations were much more involving than the ones in South Central, which were almost all gang or robbery-related. The special cases involved sleuthing of the sort you find in a mystery novel, where detectives ponder motive and opportunity; the gang homicides all had straightforward motives and solving them was about amassing physical evidence and interviewing witnesses... but none of the cases were especially mysterious. Also, I had trouble keeping track of who was who when a single case might have people named L'il Slugger, L'il Baby, and L'il Day Day.

Both of Corwin's books are worth reading, but unfortunately the one that has more social value by paying attention to people who are usually ignored, is not as gripping as the one about people who got plenty of press in other media already.
Spook: Science Investigates the Afterlife, by Mary Roach.

The delightfully-named Roach also wrote a book called Stiff, about cadavers, which became a surprise success because she's so damn funny. The subtitle of Spook is misleading, as it's not a general overview or history of scientific attempts to prove, disprove, or quantify the afterlife, but Roach's unstructured exploration of a selection of such attempts, the ones that happen to strike her fancy. If you already know a lot about spiritualism and research into psychic phenomena, there's little new material here. What there is, however, is a most charming tour guide. Roach goes to India to tag along with a reincarnation researcher, and a live rat falls off a balcony and lands on her shoes; she reads up on Victorian seances, then heads to a library to examine a preserved specimen of ectoplasm and read about a woman whose ectoplasm turned out to be sheep lungs; having finished that task, Roach goes to a Pakistani restaurant and orders lamb. Spook is rambling and not terribly deep, and it could have benefited from illustrations, but it's a quick, very funny, and periodically illuminating read.

The Killing Season: a Summer Inside an LAPD Homicide Division and Homicide Special, by Miles Corwin.

Corwin is a journalist who tagged along with two detectives working homicide in South Central for a summer. This was written in 1997, and nothing much has changed: the police don't have enough money, resources, or manpower to handle their caseload, and nobody seems to care much about black-on-black crime in the ghetto except the people who live there. The detectives are a mismatched pair: a driven black woman who grew up in South Central, and a wisecracking white man who's struggling to hang on to his job when everyone thinks he's too old and should retire. Their interactions are vivid, and the dialogue is snappy and believable. Corwin's explanations of the background and history of Los Angeles and its social structure and problems are pithy, clear, and insightful.

I picked this up because I had enjoyed Corwin's Homicide Special, a sort of sequel in which he tags along for a year with a different LAPD division, one investigating high-profile and unusually complex homicides involving international gangs, celebrity suspects or victims, cold cases, and so forth. I regret to say that I found that book much more interesting, because the crimes were more interesting as crimes. Reading purely as a reader looking for entertainment, the special cases and their investigations were much more involving than the ones in South Central, which were almost all gang or robbery-related. The special cases involved sleuthing of the sort you find in a mystery novel, where detectives ponder motive and opportunity; the gang homicides all had straightforward motives and solving them was about amassing physical evidence and interviewing witnesses... but none of the cases were especially mysterious. Also, I had trouble keeping track of who was who when a single case might have people named L'il Slugger, L'il Baby, and L'il Day Day.

Both of Corwin's books are worth reading, but unfortunately the one that has more social value by paying attention to people who are usually ignored, is not as gripping as the one about people who got plenty of press in other media already.
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